Natural convection, convection, catalysis, pyrolysis,… To help you choose your oven, the user made inventory of the criteria to be taken into account before buying. (September 2005)
More than a choice between gas and electricity, free or recessed installation (the overwhelming majority of the furnaces are now electric and built-in), the criteria determining, and nevertheless can be combined, to choose his oven are: heating system, method of cleaning, and technological level of the settings.
Heat rotating or traditional?
There are two major mechanisms of heat: natural convection and pulsed heat.Note that for some time, microwave ovens combined are increasingly talking about them.
These ovens are so-called natural convection because they heat simply by using a resistance located above and below the device.
Price: from 250 to 2000 euros
-Ease of use. These ovens work in the same way as 10 or 20 years ago.
-The heating power. They work especially well roasts and meats who prefer cooking on the surface.
-The fact of may not be able to Cook several dishes at once without mixing odours.
-Important warm-up time.
These devices combine several different cooking modes. In addition to the natural convection, these ovens offer a system of rotating heat (also called brewed or pulsed). A fan allows the hot air to circulate and to be projected on the food.
Price: from 225 to 4000 euros
-The ability to cook on two floors without mixing flavors.
-Homogeneous cooking of foods, due to the air that circulates and “fondle” foods.
-The time of very short, or no preheating on some models (booster function).
-The noise of the fan, which can sometimes be disturbing.
Microwave ovens combined
Not yet very popular among the French, multifunction microwave ovens now combine microwave, Grill and convection traditional.
Price: from 250 to 500 euros.
-Space saving, they are 3-in-1 devices.
-The ability to instantly chain defrosting and cooking program.
-The power, necessarily lower than for an oven.
-Capacity, which limits the size of the dishes and prevents any attempt double firing.
Manual or automatic cleaning?
In addition to the good old elbow oil, pyrolysis and Catalysis to clean his oven with a minimum of effort.
Cleaning by catalysis
The walls of the ovens using Catalysis are made of a porous enamel that destroyed the particles of fat during cooking. This auto-degraissant said cleaning process works as the oven exceeds 200 ° C, temperature at which all the fat accumulated on the walls oxidizes.
-The cleaning is carried out during cooking.
-A quick sponge from time to time is still essential for the recalcitrant tasks.
-This system don’t like sugar, which tends to clog the micro-pores that make up the walls in email.
Cleaning by pyrolysis
Thanks to a rise in the temperature at 500 ° C pyrolysis destroys and burns the residues of your oven, someone ‘ they are. Just to pick them up with a sponge or a suitable brush. Some ovens have even a “pyrocontrol” feature that fits the clean time depending on the level of dirt from the oven.
-Efficiency. The result is flawless and effortless. The life expectancy of the oven is significantly extended.
-Energy consumption involved 500 ° C to achieve.
With or without technology?
Based on the talents and needs of everyone, the ovens offer more or less sophisticated programmers. Today beside the conventional timers, some programmers offer many AIDS to cooking.
The electronic thermostat is part of these developments and allows to set the temperature to the degree, unlike the traditional mechanical thermostat that is sketchy.
Another innovation, integrated cooking programs that allow to choose from several types of cooking based on the nature of the recipe.
A typical example, a pie that must be cooked without that fruits don’t burn. In this specific case, the pre-set time ovens offers cooking in convection associated with a grill function that caramelizes the fruit.
Similarly, the cooking time and the thermostats may also be pre-programmed by the oven depending on the nature and weight of the food in question. A good usability practice, even if it remains limited to the products and the most common cooking methods.
Some tips before you buy
-Something either the nature of your oven, head large window devices that are also well lit from inside. This will allow you to master your cooking without having to open the oven and to lose heat.
-When it comes to Accessories (broiler pan, grid, Rotisserie), do not hesitate to ask for a demonstration to the seller in the store. Often, the faults and the disadvantages associated with the use of accessories appear themselves.
-The main risk associated with the use of a furnace is burning. To prevent such incidents, the manufacturers have equipped some of their models of a ‘cold door’ system. With quadruple glazing, the heat of the oven door will never exceed 60 ° C. A security that has a cost but which is essential especially if you have children.
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