Drone is a word that originates from English.
The meaning of Drone is, translated to the Portuguese, the drone – the male bee. The term can still determine a person who is. or appoint a buzz.
To drone is humming and speaking with a voice monotonous, in English.
However, the term drone is known the world over for being the that determine any type of aircraft without crew – a technology that uses commands, and human distance.
You can compare a drone with a remote control toy – this association facilitates the understanding, after all he works through the control via the radio, thumbing it down without touching it.
Also called UAV (the acronym for “unmanned Aerial Vehicle”), or VARP (an acronym for “Aerial Vehicle Remotely Piloted aircraft”) – both created by the acronym UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle), the drone was developed to avoid the human risk in certain activities. It can still serve as a tool for certain jobs that any person want to accomplish.
Originally, drones were designed to assist in frameworks military – this technology is characterized by efficiency and it is cheaper – and surveillance. Are examples of situations of air combat, searches on sites contaminated with toxic substances, performing recognition on the territory of the enemy, in addition to professional use of photographers (in these cases, with camera attached to achieve the angles in air).
For such purposes, a drone is produced with sturdy material. The drones made to wars emerged in the NINETEENTH century, being known as “balloons austrians” – they were balloons with explosives. Austria made use of these attacking the city of Venice in Italy, in the year 1849.
It is possible to say that the own torpedoes aerial are old models of drones, used during the Second World War, while some new models were used for reconnaissance during the Cold War.
After the 80’s, the use of the drone increased significantly. In civil society, it is present in various activities useful, as is the case of the aid in plantations, monitoring of borders, cinegrafia and many others. Young people still use it to take selfie.
Drone in Brazil
The first drone in Brazil is dated 1983, registered with the code BQM1BR. The device was a prototype of a UAV operating with a jet propulsion.
In the country, the use of drones is sperado into three classes. According to the Anac (National Civil Aviation Agency), is only authorized for: model aircraft, operations, experimental operations and non-experimental.
There is a law, through Portaria DAC no. 207/STE, 7 April 1999, which covers, in addition, the restrictions on the operation of aerial vehicles unmanned in the areas of approach and take-off airfields, boundary, maximum height (120 metres – 400 feet), the requirement of the equipment to the range of vision, and many other care.
By all means, any individual can get a drone, but it is necessary to make the type-approval together with the Anatel (National Telecommunications Agency) – if it is not to be framed in the category of model aircraft – as well as request authorization to use the Anac, as well as to achieve the certificate of admission to the air space next to the Decea (Department of Airspace Control).
The surveillance drones that fly over the airspace of the country it is the responsibility of the Civil Police, the Military and Federal, also covering the Aeronautics and the Faa.
It is also recommended to acquire a drone, take care with privacy laws, to overhaul the equipment so that it is in perfect condition and avoid flying in places that pose a risk.
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